• Sometimes also referred to as 'the clap';
  • Often causes little to no symptoms;
  • Has an infection risk up to 80% when having unprotected sex;
  • Incubatieperiode is 8-21 dagen na blootstelling aan de SOA.

What is Gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea sometimes also referred to as 'the clap' is one of the most common STDs in the Netherlands and the world. The infection is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.

How do I get Gonorrhea?

Gonorrhea can be transmitted through various forms of unprotected sexual contact and can cause an infection in the genitals (vagina and penis), throat, and anus. Gonorrhea can be transmitted through vaginal penetration, fingering, and by sharing or using uncleaned sex toys. The chance of transmitting Gonorrhea to their partner when having unsafe sex lies between 50% and 80%. It also appears to be more prevalent in men, more specifically, men who have sex with men (MSM). For pregnant women, it is important to be cautious as unborn babies can also get infected during birth.

Do I have Gonorrhea?

Gonorroe gaat niet altijd gepaard met klachten. Sterker nog, de meesten – voornamelijk vrouwen – ervaren helemaal geen symptomen gedurende de gehele infectie. Maar let op: ook zonder symptomen kan je besmet zijn en het overdragen op anderen. Het is dus belangrijk dat je eventuele veranderingen in de gaten houdt. Hieronder zijn symptomen voor Gonorroe op een rijtje gezet, deze verschillen per geslacht:

Symptoms in men include:

  • Abnormal discharge from the penis (also called 'the clap')
  • Pain / burning sensation while urinating
  • Itchy / irritated anus (in case of an anal infection)
  • Slimy discharge from the anus (in case of an anal infection)

Symptoms in women include:

  • Excess or abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Excess or abnormal vaginal blood loss
  • Pain / burning sensation while urinating
  • Itchy / irritated anus (in case of an anal infection)
  • Slimy discharge from the anus (in case of an anal infection)

Herkent u een of meerdere van de bovengenoemde symptomen van Gonorroe en wilt u een SOA zelftest kopen? Vul onze questionnaire to receive personalized recommendations on whether you should get tested for Gonorrhea and other STDs.

What are the risks?

If you show any of the mentioned symptoms or suspect that you have been infected, it is important to get tested to get confirmation. For women, leaving Gonorrhea untreated can result in pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and can cause infertility. In men, chronic inflammation can cause scarring inside the urethra. Gonorrhea can also have implications for newborn babies, as the eyes can get infected during childbirth, which in some cases, can lead to blindness.

When should I get tested?

Gonorrhea has an incubation period of 8-21 days. This means that before this time the bacteria are often not detectable yet. In case you are experiencing symptoms we recommend waiting for 8 days before getting tested. In case you are not experiencing symptoms we recommend waiting longer: at least 21 days. When you get tested too early it's possible the test will come back negative, even if you are infected. Therefore it's important to wait the recommended period before getting tested.


Gonorrhea can be treated with antibiotics in the form of an injection. You will get one injection in your muscles, often in the buttocks. We recommend that if you get tested positive, that you download your official test result on the How Are You Diagnostics app or web browser and take this to your personal GP. With this certificate, it is ensured that you won't need to get re-tested and can proceed with treatment right away.

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